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Very often, a person being sentenced will be given a "conditional discharge." That means that the person needs to fulfill certain obligations, or the sentence will be revoked, leaving the person open to re-sentencing. Misdemeanors and some non-criminal violations often come with a one year conditional discharge (CD), and felonies come with a three-year CD.
If a court does impose a conditional discharge, the judge must tell you what the conditions are. You cannot be held responsible for something if the court gave you no warning. (The one condition common to all conditional discharges is that you not be convicted of another crime.)
Outside of Genesee County, a conditional discharge is quite a bit different from probation. In Genesee County, there is a law-enforcement entity called Genesee Justice, which is disguised as a not-for-profit oganization. The courts in Genesee County have abdicated many of their sentencing and monitoring responsibilities to Genesee Justice, so a conditional discharge operates almost exactly like probation. In the rest of the counties around Rochester and Geneseo, a conditional discharge does NOT involve random drug or alcohol testing, it does NOT involve restrictions on travel, and it does NOT involve mandatory reporting. A conditional discharge is nothing more than a period of time during which you must remain law abiding, and follow through on the conditions of your sentence.
If the judge believes you violated your conditional discharge, you are entitled to a hearing on whether you did something wrong. The judge acts as the finder of fact (there is no jury), and (s)he considers whether, based upon a preponderance of the evidence (not beyond a reasonable doubt), you violated your conditional discharge.
The most common scenario I see for a person being called back into court is if they violate their DWI sentence by being rearrested on an alcohol-related charge. Different judges have different attitudes about how to treat these cases, so make sure you hire a criminal defense lawyer who is familiar with the local courts.
If you are facing a DWI charge near Rochester or Geneseo, contact us at The Militello Law Firm for a free telephone consultation and case evaluation. Our phone number is (585) 485-0025.