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What is a field sobriety test and can I refuse one?
After you were pulled over on suspicion of drunk driving, the police officer may have administered field sobriety tests. Field sobriety tests are used to provide probable cause for the police officer to arrest you. Make no mistake - they aren't designed to determine if you have been drinking. They are all but worthless for that. Police just need probable cause.
Can I Refuse Field Sobriety Tests?
You are not required by law to take field sobriety tests. However, if you do refuse to take the tests, you will quite likely be arrested. The three most common tests in New York are the following:
- Horizontal gaze nystagmus (HGN): In this test, the police officer will determine if, while you follow a pen (or other stimulus) with your eyes as he or she moves the pen back and forth in a horizontal motion, there is a jerking of your eyes. The causes of this jerking are numerous, but police like to focus on HGN as an indicator of intoxication. You will fail this test. If you don't, prosecutors will ignore the result and charge you anyway.
- Walk and turn: In this test, you will be asked to walk heel-to-toe for several steps, pivot on your heel and walk back in the direction you came, heel-to-toe. You will be given the directions quickly, they will not make sense, they will not be explained, and you will fail.
- One-leg stand: In this test, you will be asked to stand, lift one leg off the ground, hold that leg in place, keep your balance and do all of this while looking at the toes of your standing leg. You will do this well. But eventually you will lose your balance. And then you fail.
Not only are these tests unscientific and potentially inaccurate, they can be nearly impossible for someone who has not had even a drop of alcohol to perform without error.
Attorney Militello is highly skilled in identifying mistakes in the administration of and results of field sobriety tests. If police video is available, we can determine if the tests were administered incorrectly. We consistently explore options to have the case dismissed or the charges reduced.
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If you are facing a DWI charge in Rochester or one of the surrounding counties, contact us at The Militello Law Firm for a free telephone consultation and case evaluation. Our phone number is (585) 485-0025.